[23], The battalion moved to Hong Kong as part of the 27th Infantry Brigade in November 1952 and then returned home to Llanion Barracks in Pembroke Dock in 1954. [10] The 1/6th (Glamorgan) Battalion was part of the independent South Wales Brigade allocated to home defence, but volunteered for oversas service. WO 373/27/344 is a recommendation for a Military Medal for Stanley Lawrence Carroll, an Australian signalman who escaped from Crete by himself. Other men were picked up from Heraklion, though they still faced German air attacks and the light cruiser HMS Orion, carrying more than 1,000 troops, was among the ships bombed. Other sources covering lessons from the battle can be found in our catalogue, such as WO 287/164. In July the battalion landed in Italy and fought in the Italian Campaign and would remain there for the rest of the war. ‘Frightful was the sight that met our eyes. MNBDO records can be found in series ADM 202. The Welch Regiment commanded by Lt. Suda Bay was defended by a mixed Allied force including the Mobile Naval Base Defence Organisation (MNBDO), a Royal Marine outfit. Eventually the 1st Battalion was reformed in Egypt and joined the 5th Indian Infantry Brigade, part of the 4th Indian Infantry Division and moved back again to the Western Desert. Kindle Store Buy A Kindle Free Kindle Reading Apps Kindle Books French eBooks Kindle Unlimited Prime Reading Amazon Charts Best Sellers & More Kindle Singles Accessories Content and devices Kindle Support These records are the unit war diaries of the British Army in the First World War and are held by The National Archives in record series WO 95. [17], The 2nd Battalion had been retained in India but in October 1944 the battalion moved to Burma as part of the 62nd Indian Infantry Brigade attached to the 19th Indian Infantry Division where it joined the British Fourteenth Army, led by Bill Slim. Also not all of the files are open, even after this amount of time. [23] For its final overseas posting the battalion moved to Stanley Fort on Hong Kong Island in June 1966. Chapter 11 — Prison And The Mushroom … The Battalion saw its bitterest fighting along the Taungoo-Mawchi Road where for a hundred miles, with deep jungle on either side, the Japanese defended vigorously all the way. Deane is at present stationed in Britain. [12], The 9th (Service) Battalion landed at Boulogne-sur-Mer as part of the 58th Brigade in the 19th (Western) Division in July 1915 for service on the Western Front. [23], The Regiment was awarded the following battle honours:[8]. The Great War [34 … [10] Private Hubert William Lewis, of the 11th (Service) Battalion, was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions at Evzonoi in Macedonia in October 1916 during the Macedonian campaign. [19], The 4th Battalion was in Northern Ireland in the 160th Infantry Brigade attached to the 53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division. Up to 4 Territorial and Volunteer battalions. The extract shown here covers the fighting at Retimo. R.); 1939-45 Star; Africa Star; Italy Star; Defence and War Medals 1939-45, good very fine, together with a badge with the word 'Athens' applied to the … Government Licence v3.0, except where otherwise stated. [10] The 19th (Service) Battalion (Glamorgan Pioneers) landed at Le Havre as pioneer battalion to the 38th (Welsh) Division in December 1915 for service on the Western Front. [23] It then amalgamated with the South Wales Borderers to form the 1st Battalion the Royal Regiment of Wales in June 1969. 45 Squadron, with Blenheim light bombers, flew sorties from Egypt against Maleme airfield after it was captured. Aisne 1914–18, Ypres 1914-15-17, Gheluvelt, Loos, Somme 1916–18, Pilkem, Cambrai 1917–18, Macedonia 1915–18, Gallipoli 1915, Gaza, Falaise, Lower Mass, Reichswald, Croce, Italy 1943–45, Crete, Canae, Kyaukmyaung Bridgehead, Sittang 1945, Burma 1944–45. These were the 3rd Battalion (Special Reserve), with the 4th Battalion at Upper Market Street in, 69th (South Lincolnshire) Regiment of Foot, The Royal Regiment of Wales (24th/41st Foot), "The History of the Royal Regiment of Wales: The Welsh Regiment (1881-1920)", "Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907", "Fact sheet: Volunteer battalions 1885-1908", "Regiment Timeline - The Regimental Museum of The Royal Welsh (Brecon)", Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment), Prince Albert's (Somerset Light Infantry), Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire Regiment), Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own (Yorkshire Regiment), Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment), Prince of Wales's Volunteers (South Lancashire Regiment), Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry, Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment), Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire Regiment), Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlesex Regiment), Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire Regiment), Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs, The Duke of Albany's), Princess Victoria's (Royal Irish Fusiliers), Princess Louise's (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders), Prince of Wales's Leinster Regiment (Royal Canadians), Liverpool Rifles, King's (Liverpool Regiment), Liverpool Irish, King's (Liverpool Regiment), Liverpool Scottish, King's (Liverpool Regiment), Leeds Rifles, Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire Regiment), Cinque Ports Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment, Hallamshire Battalion, York and Lancaster Regiment, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Welch_Regiment&oldid=996110528, Regiments of the British Army in World War I, Regiments of the British Army in World War II, Military units and formations of the United Kingdom in the Korean War, 1881 establishments in the United Kingdom, Military units and formations established in 1881, Military units and formations disestablished in 1969, 1969 disestablishments in the United Kingdom, Military units and formations in Burma in World War II, Pages containing London Gazette template with parameter supp set to y, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1965–1969: Maj-Gen. Frank Hastings Brooke, CB, CBE, DSO. The National Archives does not hold a war diary for the Australians at Retimo, though there is a related report at CAB 106/382. View this object . Following the Battle of Crecy, where the Welch Companys saved the British line and did excelent service, a royal decree was made, that brought the Welsh into line with the Scottish Regiments, that from then on the Welch could wear on there badges and banners the designation that they were Welch, they had not been allowed to do so before this. The War Diary of 22 Battalion 2NZEF who defended and lost Maleme can be found at [11], The 1/4th Battalion and 1/5th Battalion landed at Suvla Bay as part of the 159th Brigade in the 53rd (Welsh) Division in August 1915; after being evacuated from Gallipoli in December 1915 the battalion moved to Egypt. Welch. [5] In 1908, the Volunteers and Militia were reorganised nationally, with the former becoming the Territorial Force and the latter the Special Reserve;[6] the regiment now had one Reserve battalion and four Territorial battalions. The Welch Regiment can trace its origins from its constituent regiments back to the Regiment of Invalids formed from - among others - Pensioners of the Royal Hospital Chelsea in 1688. MT StJ Prattle/Sqn.Ldr. He says it is quite unique that as a national serviceman he actually served with all three former Welsh Regiments. They saw action in Sicily then in Italy with 168th Infantry Brigade, 56th Division. St Thomas Becket and Edwardian Canterbury, Good will to all: Henry VI’s Christmas pardon of 1470-71, Cast-iron cosiness: Designs for the Victorian hearth, Friends of The National archival research, Crete, mediterranean, royal air force, Second World War. No. Victoria Cross recipients are mostly covered separately, in series WO 98. [4], A 3rd, militia battalion, was embodied in December 1899, and embarked for South Africa in February 1900 to serve in the same war. Shannon) - Bristol Blenheim 1.2. 7753 Lance-Corporal William Fuller, 2nd Battalion, The Welsh Regiment, for conspicuous gallantry on 14th September, near Chivy on the Aisne, by advancing about 100 yards to pick up Captain Haggard, who was mortally wounded, and carrying him back to cover under very heavy rifle and machine gun fire. Ldr. Recommendations for army gallantry awards are mostly in series WO 373, which can be searched by theatre of operations as well as by name. We will not be able to respond to personal family history research questions on this platform. In November the battalion crossed the Chindwin River at Sittang, captured Pinlebu and saw some very hard fighting on the Swebo Plain. [10], After the First World War, the regiment commissioned the architect Sir Edwin Lutyens to design a war memorial as a tribute to their fallen. John James Lewis served in the Welch Regiment and was killed during the Battle for Crete in May 1941. ¹ Awarded for the services of the 69th Foot. The memorials was originally planned to be built on the Western Front in Belgium but was instead erected outside the regiment's headquarters at Maindy Barracks in Cardiff. The 41st was raised in March 1719 as a Regiment of Invalids, namely Out-Pensioners of the Royal Hospital, to release active units for service overseas in the wars against the French. The squadron operation record books list the aircraft and crews that were involved, and these records can usually be downloaded from The National Archives’ website. vi; I: New Zealand Arrivals from Greece; Divisional Signals. While on embarkation leave for Malaya he was transferred to the Welch Regiment in Cyprus. It served in Crete … East Africa, Cameroon and West Afr… R Spurr Welch Regiment . Soon after the battle the Inter-Services Committee produced a report into the defence and loss of the island. Clive started his National Service in the Royal Welch Fusiliers and was then commissioned into the South Wales Borderers. This infantry unit was created in 1881 and recruited in Camarthenshire, Glamorganshire and Pembrokeshire. Recruiting poster for The Welch Regiment, 1930. Following the loss of Maleme the Allies fell back to regroup, but within a few days the situation deteriorated as the Germans began to push towards Canea, threatening the supply base at Suda Bay. Other headdress worn by the 2nd Welch at this … The 168th Brigade was part of the 56th (London) Division, which had just been severely mauled fighting at Anzio. The evacuation took place between 27 May and 1 June. There are some records relating to Layforce listed in our catalogue here. Dan. R Spurr served with the Welch Regiment British Army. Significantly the Battalion did not lose a man. The regiment was created in 1881 under the Childers Reforms by the amalgamation of the 41st (Welch) Regiment of Foot and 69th (South Lincolnshire) Regiment of Foot to form the Welsh Regiment. From the start of the campaign the 4th Battalion was involved in fierce fighting during the Battle for Caen, and around the Falaise Pocket, the Battle of the Bulge and the Battle of the Reichwald where it sustained very heavy casualties and involved some of the fiercest fighting in the North West Europe Campaign for British soldiers as they were up against determined German paratroopers. Only fast warships could go there by sailing at night and leaving before dawn, which limited the amount of cargo or troops that could be sent. 1. E. Headon. Wavell quickly agreed, after sending a signal to the Prime Minister stating that Crete was ‘no longer tenable’. [10] Captain Edgar Myles, of the 8th (Service) Battalion, was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions at the Siege of Kut in April 1916 during the Mesopotamian campaign. The aerial photograph above shows several German transport aircraft on the airfield just after it was captured. Some sources for the casualties from this attack are listed in our catalogue here. Lt Day himself, with 7 men, including … I have his dogtags … AIR 23/6110 includes translations of captured documents from Operation Mercury. They took part in heavy fighting on the Gothic Line, one of many German defensive lines in Italy, and in the Croce area where the battalion, and the rest of the 56th Division, suffered heavy casualties. However it can trace its history back a further 160 years prior to this date. Gericke, who had come across the dropping zone of its III Battalion on 23 May, was appalled by the evidence of what had befallen it. [10] The 16th (Service) Battalion (Cardiff City) landed at Le Havre as part of the 115th Brigade in the 38th (Welsh) Division in December 1915 for service on the Western Front. The National Archives also holds various sources for Allied prisoners, casualties and gallantry awards relating to Crete. The regiment was created in 1881 under the Childers Reforms by the amalgamation of the 41st (Welch) Regiment of Foot and 69th (South Lincolnshire) Regiment of Foot to form the Welsh Regiment.[1]. Download this stock image: Roadside memorial in Galatas, Crete, to the men of The Welch Regiment, British Army, who died in the Battle for Crete in 1941 - EF251B from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. In June 1944 the battalion, under Lieutenant Colonel Charles Coleman, was, after many years of training, ordered to France to join the British Second Army in the Normandy Campaign. Wavell added a note acknowledging that the preparations before the battle had been insufficient. [2] The battalion took part in the Battle of Suakin in December 1888 during the Mahdist War under the leadership of the force commander, Colonel Herbert Kitchener, who wrote in his dispatches: The half-Battalion of The Welsh Regiment are seasoned soldiers and whatever I asked of them to do they did well. Crete had killed 4000 German soldiers, most from the 7th Parachute Division; nearly half the 1st Assault Regiment had died in action. In the past twelve years it has grown accustomed to fighting on the side with small Battalion, for the Welch were with Wavell in the earliest days of the North Africa Campaign, and again in Crete, and later at Benghazi, and three times the Battalion had to be reformed as a result of heavy … The Greeks advise they do not require assistance and will fight on regardless of support. He wears a serge-lined leather jerkin over his battledress. [7][8][9], The 1st Battalion, after returning from India, landed at Le Havre as part of the 84th Brigade in 28th Division in January 1915 for service on the Western Front but moved to Egypt and then on to Salonika in November 1915. Maleme quickly became the crucial objective in the battle. The first significant Royal Navy casualties happened on 22 May, when the light cruiser HMS Naiad was among the ships attacked. [10] The 11th (Service) Battalion landed at Boulogne-sur-Mer as part of the 67th Brigade in the 22nd Division in September 1915 for service on the Western Front and then moved to Salonika in late 1915. On the AKROTIRI Peninsula, parachutists and caique-borne troops moved … Ldr. After heavy fighting in the area of Benghazi the 1st Battalion was again overrun in mid-1942 and again suffered heavy casualties when Erwin Rommel's Afrika Korps swept through Cyrenaica and Libya in the First Battle of El Alamein. In 1969 the regiment was amalgamated with the South Wales Borderers to form the Royal Regiment of Wales. Greek Garrison Battalion (commander unknown; ex- Greek 5th "Crete" Division, left behind as a garrison when their division was summoned to defend the mainland) 830 personnel) 19th Australian Infantry Brigade No. 1921.01.01 The Welch Regiment 1969.06.11 amalgamated with The South Wales Borderers, to form The Royal Regiment of Wales (24th/41st Foot) Battle Honours [combined battle honours of 41st Regiment, and 69th Regiment, plus:] Belleisle1, Martinique 17622, [12th April 1782]3, St. Vincent4, Relief of Kimberley, Paardeberg, South Africa 1899-1902. http://22battalion.org.nz/war-diary/1941-may.htm, Your email address will not be published. It landed at Le Havre in October 1914 to work on the Lines of Communication on the Western Front. As a result of the casualties sustained, and a severe shortage of British infantry replacements in the Mediterranean theatre, 168th Brigade was disbanded and the 1st Battalion was reduced to a small cadre of 5 officers and 60 other ranks. There's even an Edo-period cat cafe just because, well, cats. at right is a lieutenant of the 1st Welch on Crete 1941. . 52 … 29 Dec 2020: WW2DB's 16th Anniversary Read More 2 Sep 2020: Hidekazu Tamura shared his feelings toward his war time internment Read More 29 Dec 2019: WW2DB's 15th Anniversary Read More 22 Nov 2019: Japan and Russia to continue negotiations on the Kuriles territorial dispute Read More 21 Oct 2019: Wreck of Akagi Found Read More 18 Oct 2019: Wreck of … *The main figure shows a Company Sergeant Major of the 2nd Welch at Toungoo, Burma. Two of the brigades, 4th and 5th, were in fairly good shape; 4th included three regular NZ infantry battalions and an artillery battery, 5th four NZ battalions as well as a Greek regular infantry regiment and assorted attachments. 30 Squadron RAF (Squadron Leader RA Milward/Sqn. [10] The 10th (Service) Battalion (1st Rhondda) landed at Le Havre as part of the 114th Brigade in 38th (Welsh) Division in December 1915 for service on the Western Front. WO 416 is a series of German prisoner of war record cards, often showing place of capture. From the above Battle Honours the following were actually borne on the Regimental and Queen's Colour: Belleisle, Martinique 1762, St. Vincent 1797, India, Bourbon, Java, Detroit, Queenstown, Miami, Niagara, Waterloo, Ava, Candahar 1842, Ghuznee 1842, Cabool 1842, Alma, Inkerman, Sevastopol, Relief of Kimberley, Paardeburg, South Africa 1899–1902, Korea 1951–52. 52 Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment was another unit in this area (WO 169/1640). The battalion was now assigned to 168th (London) Infantry Brigade,[18] replacing the now disbanded 10th Royal Berkshire Regiment and serving alongside 1st London Irish Rifles and 1st London Scottish, making the brigade a mixture of Irish, Scottish and Welsh. In August, the remainder of the regiment joined the Cretan International Force, but 263 men were still at Malta in December 1897. 'The History of The Welsh regiment. 1.1. In April they took part in Operation Grapeshot which ended with the capture of thousands of prisoners of war and the surrender of the German Army in Italy on 2 May. The Welch Regiment (or "The Welch", an archaic spelling of "Welsh") was an infantry regiment of the line of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1969. Friday 7 August 2020 | Michael McGrady | Records and research | 2 comments. With the numerous sources available at The National Archives, there are many ways to find information covering the occupation of Crete, the battle itself and the men who took part. 428 — General Freyberg to General Wavell ; Journey Towards Christmas. No. They were also still holding ground outside Retimo and Heraklion, and their air attacks put the Allied troops under great strain throughout the battle. A sample list of Welch Regiment personnel in this series can be found in our catalogue here. The War Illustrated magazine published an article about Crete on 20 June 1941, and our library has a set of the volumes of this publication. I have his dogtags and would love to get them home to his family. General Service 1918-62, 1 clasp, Palestine (4077002 Pte. 1719 – 1918' author unknown, 'The History of The Welch Regiment 1919 – 1951', This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 16:14. ² Awarded in 1909 for the services of the 69th Foot, with the badge of a Naval Crown superscribed 12th April 1782. View this object . They are not personal diaries (try the Imperial War Museumor Local Record Offices for those). 1st Battalion, Welch Regiment 1st Battalion, Welsh Regiment were in Palestine serving with 14th Infantry Brigade, 6th Division when war broke out in 1939. Recollections of operations as private with 1st Bn Welch Regt, Creforce on Crete, Greece, 2/1941-5/1941: journey from Egypt to Crete; taking over positions from 2nd Bn Black Watch at Galatas; anticipation of German attack; start of German Air Force attacks on island, 20/5/1941; sight of German glider crash landing on Akrotiri Peninsula, 5/1941. France and Flanders: WO 95/1-3154, WO 95/3911-4193 and WO 95/5500 2. Mesopotamia, Iraq and North Persia: WO 95/4965-5288 3. Two errors in the German plan were a significant under-estimate of the number of Allied troops on the island and the expectation that the Cretan civilians would not resist, and these mistakes contributed to their heavy losses during the invasion. Though there are a few gaps in the records, such as the lack of Australian war diaries, the examples shown in this blog are a representative sample of what is available. [10] The 23rd (Service) Battalion (Welsh Pioneers) landed in Salonika as pioneer battalion to the 28th Division in July 1916. Originally organised as the county regiment of Carmarthenshire, Glamorganshire and Pembrokeshire, the new regiment encompassed its Militia and Volunteer infantry and united … [3], The 1st Battalion moved to Malta in 1889 while the 2nd Battalion went to India in 1892; the 1st Battalion moved to Pembroke Dock in December 1893 where almost all the regiment's artifacts, plate and silver were lost in a large fire in 1895. REEL 2 Continues: … A Whitfield served with the 4th Battalion Welch Regiment British Army. Recruiting poster for The Welch Regiment, 1930. Roadside memorial in Galatas, Crete, to the men of The Welch Regiment, British Army, who died in the Battle for Crete in 1941 Jul. Day of the First Welch, together with a party of 44 men from his regiment, various marines and commandos, 5 AIF from the 2/7th Bn (and 1 Greek) from Spafkia, arriving at Sidi Barrani on June 10, 1941 having been without any food for five days. Six: Private E. G. Headon, Welch Regiment, who died as a prisoner of war in 1945 having previously been captured at the fall of Crete. I am happy to cover all costs, if you are a family member or can put me in touch with them, please get in touch. The memorial takes the form of squat cenotaph, following Lutyens' design of the famous Cenotaph on Whitehall in London. [10] The 17th (Service) Battalion (1st Glamorgan) and 18th (Service) Battalion (2nd Glamorgan) landed in France as part of the 119th Brigade in the 40th Division in June 1916 for service on the Western Front. Crete. They returned to Geneifa on the Suez Canal where they were amalgamated with their comrades from No. 33 Squadron RAF (Sqn. Known as Lieutenant Colonel Edmund Fieldings Regiment of Foot (or the Invalids), between 1719 and … General Freyberg was among them, because he knew about the secret Enigma decrypts and could not be left behind as a prisoner. 07, 1954 - Zoo goat becomes new mascot of the welsh regiment handing over ceremony at the London zoo. http://22battalion.org.nz/war-diary/1941-may.htm, Verdict – Accidental death: The strange case of the Scottish aristocrat killed on the Midland Railway, ‘Brown Babies’: The children born to black GI and white British women during the Second World War, The Ghost of Christmas past? In August 1944 the 1/5th Battalion was transferred from 160th Brigade to the 158th Infantry Brigade, still with 53rd (Welsh) Division. The 1st Battalion moved to Egypt in 1886. Several other British warships were sunk or damaged by air attack during the battle, and it became very difficult for the fleet to support the troops on the island. At the end of Novemeber they moved to Egypt with 22nd Brigade, 6th Divison. Lucky indeed to escape Crete in May 1941, when 1st Battalion, The Welch Regiment was overwhelmed by swathes of enemy paratroopers at Chania, he was less fortunate at Benghazi, where he became P.O.W. This unit was formed as The Welsh Regiment … [10] The 2nd Battalion landed at Le Havre as part of the 3rd Brigade in the 1st Division in August 1914 for service on the Western Front. The action at Maleme is covered in an account from 2 New Zealand Division, as well as in the war diary of 22 New Zealand Infantry Battalion (WO 179/735). [15] The 6th (Glamorgan) Battalion of the Territorial Army, which had absorbed the 7th (Cyclist) Battalion in 1921, was converted into a searchlight regiment in 1938 and was transferred to the Royal Artillery as 67th (Welch) Searchlight Regiment in 1940. . [13], The 13th (Service) Battalion (2nd Rhondda), the 14th (Service) Battalion (Swansea) and the 15th (Service) Battalion (Carmarthenshire) landed at Le Havre as part of the 114th Brigade in the 38th (Welsh) Division in December 1915 for service on the Western Front. The largest group of men had to retreat to Sphakia, a hamlet on the south coast, to be met by the Royal Navy. On 26 May Freyberg sought permission to begin an evacuation of his forces, as he considered the situation hopeless. The Germans were able to expand their foothold to gain control of the airfield and fly in more troops, while Allied counter-attacks faltered. It existed until 1969 when it became part of The Royal Regiment of Wales. The Origins of the Regiment: The Welsh Regiment had its origins in two regiments, the 41st and 69th Regiments of Foot, the first of which has long standing links with the Royal Hospital Chelsea. 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Commando departed Castelorizzo in March for Crete being replaced in their garrison duties there by the Welch! Glamorganshire and Pembrokeshire to form the 1st Assault Regiment had marched into enemy territory: 1 to the 158th Brigade... Egypt against Maleme airfield after it was captured squadrons did take part in the battle can be found our! Wo 287/164 4 months the bulk of the war at Verdala Barracks Cottonera for months. His forces, as he considered the situation hopeless knew about the secret Enigma and! Naiad was among them, because he knew about the secret Enigma and! Battle had been insufficient becomes new mascot of the 56th ( London Division., Glamorganshire and Pembrokeshire but 263 men were still at Malta in December 1897 while.